After an epidemic of Acute Diarrheal Diseases (ADD) and a decline in the area’s water quality, the Union Territory of Puducherry’s Health Department declared a “public health emergency” in Karaikal.
Cholera was detected in some patients. At hospitals, more cases were being reported on a daily basis. As a result, the outbreak of acute diarrhoea in the Karaikal area was deemed a “public health emergency” by the Directorate of Health and Family Welfare Services, according to a press statement.
All corrective and management actions are being conducted in cooperation with Puducherry health professionals and line agencies including the Municipality and PWD. The coordinating teams have been given instructions and Standard Operating Procedures. Let us discuss everything in detail about diarrhoea.
What is Diarrhoea?
An increase in bowel motions occurring more frequently or loose, watery bowel movements are both definitions of diarrhoea. Although changes in bowel movement frequency and looseness of faeces can both happen independently, they are typically observed simultaneously. This looseness in stools, which can range in consistency from somewhat soft to watery, is caused by an increase in water content in the stool, which is most frequently brought on by a digestive system illness. People frequently seek emergency medical care for this medical issue.
What are the Symptoms of Diarrhoea?
You might not be able to identify the precise reason why you suddenly started having diarrhoea. However, your body frequently uses diarrhoea and vomiting to get rid of a stomach illness. Both toddlers and adults can have diarrhoea from this prevalent cause.
- Loss of Appetite
- Frequently Recurring Loose and Watery Stools
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Abdominal Pain and Cramps
- Blood in Stool
- Cold and Moist Skin
- Pale or Mottled Skin
- Looking Unwell
- Sunken Eyes
- A Dry Tongue
What are the Risk Factors and Causes of Diarrhoea?
Diarrhoea can be brought on by a variety of reasons, including:
- Virus: Norwalk, hepatitis, and cytomegalovirus are just a few examples of viruses. The most typical cause of diarrhoea in children is rotavirus.
- Typhoid, cholera, and other parasitic diseases are spread by bacteria, protozoa, and contaminated food and drink.
- Medication: Several frequently given drugs, such as antibiotics, might result in diarrhoea.
- Lactose Intolerance: Those lacking the enzyme lactase are unable to break down the lactose found in dairy products, which causes diarrhoea when consumed.
- Surgery: After a gall bladder or abdominal operation.
- Chronic Bowel Infections: Such as tropical sprue, inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis), and bowel cancer, can all cause chronic diarrhoea.
What are the Different Medicines that Cause Diarrhea?
Due to the fact that many medicines produce diarrhoea, drug-included diarrhoea is fairly prevalent. The onset of diarrhoea quickly after the start of pharmacological treatment is the telltale sign of drug-induced diarrhoea. Antacids and magnesium-containing nutritional supplements are the drugs that frequently cause diarrhoea. The following kinds of medications also produce diarrhoea:
- Chemotherapy Medications
- Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- High Blood Pressure Medications
- Medications to Control Irregular Heartbeats (Antiarrhythmics)
- Quinidine (Quinaglute, Quinidex)
- Misoprostol (Cytotec)
- Colchicine (Colchicine)
- Olsalazine (Dipentum)
- Cisapride (Propulsid, Motilium)
- Metoclopramide (Reglan)
How to Treat Diarrhoea?
Usually, mild bouts of diarrhoea go away on their own, with only a small diet modification. Depending on the reason, chronic persistent instances will necessitate tests and additional treatments. The usual course of action for treating diarrhoea:
- To avoid becoming dehydrated and to make up for water loss, increase your fluid intake. Fluids must be administered intravenously in severe situations.
- Diarrhoea patients should be given Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS), which are simple carbohydrates and salts. ORD sachets are reasonably priced and extensively accessible in all pharmacies.
- Antidiarrhoeal medications
- The best fluids to consume include:
- Clear Soups
- Herbal Teas
- Soy Milk
- Electrolyte Replacement Drinks Like Dioralyte
- Non Fizzy Drinks
We truly hope that you got all the information about diarrhoea. Personal Care N Heal also offers more information regarding health, food, mental health, fitness, cycling, etc., which you can read for the betterment of your life.