While India is battling Coronavirus, and now the cases of yellow fungus are on the rise in some parts of the country. Black fungus and white fungus cases also have been reported in some areas of the country.
The central government has urged all the states to declare that black fungus is dangerous. States like Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, and Telangana have already announced it as a dangerous disease under the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897.
On 25th May, more than 5,400 cases of black fungus or mucormycosis have been reported in 18 states, and higher cases are registered in Maharashtra and Gujarat, said the Union Health Ministry. People who suffer from diabetes and are overusing cheap steroids are at higher risk for these fungal diseases.
What is Black Fungus or Mucormycosis?
The fungal infection is mostly being found in covid-19 affected patients with high diabetes problems. If care is not taken, then it may lead to death. Generally, the black fungus infects those people who are on medications for their health problems that can minimize their ability to combat environmental pathogens.
How people get infected by black fungus?
Fungal spore floats in the environment give the infection to the people. An individual may also get infected by this when the fungus enters the skin via burn, cut, or other types of skin injuries. When you get in touch with this infection, it sticks to your body part and enters through the sinus, nose, or lungs.
If the fungus enters the body through a burn or a cut, then it can cause normal infection. However, if it enters the body through the sinus, then it can affect the eyes, the brain and may lead to death. Black fungus is increasing because of the overuse of cheap steroids. Steroids stop immune responses that can maximize vulnerability to black infection.
Black Fungus Symptoms
- Nasal blockage
- Facial pain
- Toothache or loosening of teeth
- Blurry vision
- Watery eyes or double vision
- Discharge from the nose
- One-sided headache
Black Fungus Treatment
Once a person is infected by black fungus, it will spread through the nose and reaches the brain, and attacks the eyes. It is required multi-discipline to treat black fungus. There is a need for a combined team of microbiologists, intensivist neurologists, internal medicine specialists, ophthalmologists, ENT specialists, dentists, surgeons, etc.
Doctors are using Liposomal Amphotericin B to treat black fungus infections.
You can protect yourself from black infection (while in hospitals) by following the below steps:
- Maintain cleanliness and good hygiene
- Maintain oral hygiene care with povidone-iodine gargles, mouthwash
- While administering oxygen, use sterile water for humidification, and no leakage should be there from the humidifier
- Restriction on the overuse of steroids than necessary with blood glucose control
- Don’t unnecessarily use broad-spectrum or anti-fungal that can develop unwanted bacteria or organism
What is White Fungus or Aspergillosis?
According to experts, the white fungus is dangerous than black fungus. The white fungus can affect your various body parts and primarily damage your lungs. Worse side effects can be seen on the mouth, kidney, skin, and brain, and even it can affect your private parts. According to the reports, people with low immunity are at higher risk of getting infected by white fungus. Plus, people who get contracted with water or unhygienic environment also can get infected by this disease. White fungus is not a contagious disease.
White Fungus Causes
According to experts, the white fungus is caused by the Candida group of organisms. In some cases, the white fungus is detected in tap water that is used in a humidifier connected to an oxygen cylinder given to the patients. The main reason behind white fungus is unknown yet. It is expected that the reason for white fungus will be detected soon by researchers.
White Fungus Symptoms
- Dark spots on lungs
- Minimized oxygen level
- Skin lesions
- White patches in the oral cavity
White Fungus Treatment
- As we said, low immunity people are more prone to get infected by this disease, so you must boost your immunity system.
- Maintain good hygiene and keep your surroundings clean.
What is Yellow Fungus?
Unlike black and white fungus, the yellow fungus begins internally and causes pus leakage and slow healing of wounds. In some critical cases, the yellow fungus can lead to organ failure and cell injury. People are more prone to get infected by a yellow fungus that has compromised immunity, uncontrolled diabetes, and high cholesterol that can reduce the ability of the body to fight against infection.
Yellow Fungus Causes
Basically, the yellow fungus can be caused by bad hygiene. So it is essential to clean surroundings. Remove old food to prevent the growth of fungus and bacteria. Poor hygiene, contaminated food, and unsanitary conditions are the reason behind yellow fungus development.
Yellow fungus is not exactly contagious since it can’t spread from one person to another like covid-19.
Yellow Fungus Symptoms
- Disrupted digestion
- Pus leakage
- Scrawny, sunken eyes
- Loss of hunger, malnutrition
- Unusual weight loss
- Slow metabolism
- Slow healing of wounds
- Lack of energy, fatigue, and lethargy
Yellow Fungus Treatment
One of the most important things is to boost your immunity to prevent yourself from yellow fungus. People who have uncontrolled diabetes should keep their blood sugar levels under control. One of the main reasons behind yellow fungus is unsanitary environments.
Those people who are on oxygen therapy ensure that oxygen is not contaminated and well-filtered. By maintaining personal hygiene, you can get rid of this fungal infection.
To conclude, experts recommend maintaining personal hygiene and keeping your surroundings clean to prevent yourself from white, yellow, and black fungus infection. Medicines for any type of infection must be consumed under medical supervision.